Edmund Halsey MP : owner 1696-1729
During the first decade of the century Halsey amassed great wealth. Less than ten years after his first appearance at £1 a week in the firm's accounts, on the 11th May, 1696, Halsey lent King William III £1,000. In 1698 he started to extend the Brewhouse and its trade.
On the 23rd May of that year he
payd Mr. Coleman for Green Draggon Brewhouse £275.
He paid large sums for new coppers and buildings and no doubt these included the extension of the business over the site of Shakespeare's play-house: also he paid £3,500 to a Mr. Clarke, Brewer.
A valuable source of income seems to have been derived from lending money. One interesting item, dated 22 April 1700, reads:
lent Tho: Winnett as per his noate £14. Lent Richd: Clarke as per his noate £15
In the margin, he added
In March, 1701, he paid interest on a sum of £1,200 borrowed from E. Williams, but in June of the same year he repaid the principal. By 1702 the last pages of his cash book record his personal expenditure: in 1701, £451 3s. 0d. and in 1702, £547 19s. 1.5d." and detail such items as:
Man's livery, new sadle and bridle, wine for Hunt, long wigs and short wigs, shoes, shirts and books and shooting for Tho. Halsey.
Edmund's wife, Anne, died in 1704. Thomas was his younger son, and both he and his brother, James, must have died young, for only Anne, his daughter, who married Richard, Lord Cobham, is mentioned in his will.
During the second decade he established his social position. In 1710 he stood for Parliament but was defeated. Later when his opponent died, however, he was returned as Member of Parliament for Southwark. This was disputed by Sir George Matthews who on the 14th January, 1711, petitioned the House of Commons, complaining of an undue return of Mr, Halsey, by bribery and other indirect practices, and also of partiality of the High Bailiff. The House resolved:
that Edmund Halsey is not duly elected
that the said Henry Martin, Esq. (the Bailiff) be for the said offence taken into custody of the Sergeant at Arms attending this House
He was employed for 30 years at 6/- a week in the brewhouse that was afterwards his own.
Later Halsey fought two successful elections in 10th May 1722 and 23rd January 1727. He represented the Southwark constituency on and off for about ten years.
Edmund Halsey was Governor of St. Thomas's Hospital in 1719, Master of the Brewers Company, and a Director of the South Sea Company. He followed the practice of other successful citizens of the Borough by acquiring agricultural land and a country seat.
His son Thomas, whose schooling was mentioned in the accounts in 1702, died young as did his brother James. His only daughter, Anne, was successfully married off into the peerage to Sir Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham of Stowe from 1713 (1675-1749), friend of Alexander Pope.
In 1725 he bought The Castle public House.
He was described in the parish records as "Lord of the Manor at Stoke Poges where he was buried on his death in August 1729. His will assigned not only the property in Southwark but farms at Orpington and Boughton Monchelsea and properties at Newington, Camberwell, Croydon and Mitcham, was left to his wife and daughter, then to Lord Cobham for life, and failing issue of the marriage, to his niece, Anna Smith, of St Albans. Anna Smith was the sister of Ralph Thrale (1664-1711), the younger, who succeeded Halsey as the owner of the brewhouse and of whom Dr. Johnson wrote:
he was employed for 30 years at 6/- a week in the brewhouse that was afterwards his own.
|Henry Thrale M.P.
1724/9 - 2 May 1821
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